¡Ay, Pedrito!

Citas Qué he hecho yo para merecer esto
For various reasons, I’ve had to watch a lot of Almodóvar movies recently, particularly the early, funny ones. And, Jesus, let me tell you, there is a collapse in quality over the course of that career that on one level makes me very sad. I agree with the people who are close to me that All About My Mother is probably his best movie, but even that shows the roots of what over the past twenty years (by 2020, Almodóvar will have been releasing movies for forty years, which is maybe part of the problem) has hardened into mannerism and an absolute privileging of sheen over substance. Or maybe I don’t really mean that, because the sheen has always been the attraction of his movies, but the early movies, which were about the sheen in some ways, or certainly had the actors engaging with the sheen, are infinitely more palatable than the later ones, in which the obsession with surfaces and the look of the thing has eaten into the spaces where the actors were previously allowed to play. Also, he’s working with different, sheenier actors more often now, and I’d swap Elena Anaya for Chus Lampreave any day. No disrespect, but sometimes you just have to bow before genius.cover7


One of the people I’m teaching at the moment is writing a dissertation on nonsense literature. Of course, it’s surprisingly difficult to get a handle on it: it’s not satire, it’s not purely humorous, it’s sometimes an element of something larger than itself. It can be the Vikings singing about Spam, but Monty Python isn’t entirely nonsense. It can be a part of ‘perhaps the greatest anonymous poem in English’, but no one would read Tom O’Bedlam’s song and think it was entirely nonsense ,either. Lewis Carroll isn’t nonsense; Edward Lear is: is that right? It can be Spike Milligan, who makes his own kind of comic sense, or the art-school pranks of Vivian Stanshall and the Bonzo Dog Doo-Dah Band, all goggly-eyed policemen and semi-ironic recorders. Speaking of Stanshall, Sir Henry at Rawlinson End is nonsense, but it’s also satire, and something queer all of its own at the same time. How much of a shared background of knowledge and sensibility does nonsense call for? Is it nonsense if it makes you laugh, if it’s trying to make you laugh? Is it nonsense if it scares the willies out of you?12editorial2-superJumbo

Teaching Creative Writing

It’s been an odd week, an odd couple of weeks. I started a new job, and am still settling into whatever it might turn out to be. I mean, I know what I’m employed to do, it’s not like I’ve been blindfolded and taken across the border into the East, forever to make movies at the whim of a mad king. But how what I’m employed to do will manifest itself is still up for grabs. Everyone else is being very helpful. But even so, that doesn’t stop me from feeling a little lost.

Thank goodness for my other job, the one where I know what I’m meant to do. I was at the Creative Writing MSt in Oxford this weekend, teaching a couple of workshops on writing poetry. In the first year of the MSt, everyone has to try every genre, and so I was teaching 29 people, only eleven of whom stated that poetry was something they were interested in. A difficult one to pitch.


One exercise we did, and which seemed to work well, was one I’d picked up from Alastair Brotchie’s A Book of Surrealist Games. The students write a question on a piece of paper, which they then fold in half. The questions are handed in and shuffled. They are then dealt out to the group again, and on the outside of the paper, the students each write an answer. The poem has to link the question and the answer. Nothing as great, or as unarguable, as what came up when I was playing this with a friend of mine once: ‘What is love?’ ‘A hedgehog’.

My five favourite books of 2018

Self-aggrandising photograph in Paris. Image © Maria Turgieva 2018

Yes, posting has been light this year: nothing since May, which is a bit terrible of me. But I deleted one of my social media accounts last month, and hopefully the time that frees up can be better spent making slightly longer and slightly more durable posts here.

There have been a lot of changes this year: the big one is in my work. I’ve had a job since October as a Bye-Fellow in Spanish at Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge (a Bye-Fellow is basically someone who is a part of a college and who does teaching for them on an hourly basis but at a slightly higher than usual rate, but who isn’t a full Fellow with voting rights and a say in how the college is run). This has been fun: I’ve also been teaching a bit of English and Russian for the University as well. I am going to carry on with this for the rest of the academic year, and beyond, if they’ll have me, but I am also going to be starting another job in two weeks’ time, as ADTIS Teaching Officer at the Language Centre in Cambridge University: this is a full-time job that provides teaching for international students on how best to understand and cope with the demands of their courses. I will have to be very organised this year.

As far as writing is concerned, I have not written much, but what I have written has (take my word for it) been true, beautiful, dynamic, relatable etc. The non-writing but book-related highlight was probably a whirlwind trip to a grey and on-edge Paris when the gilets jaunes protests were just getting started to read in Shakespeare & Company. I thought it went well, though what the metrics are for judging this I don’t know: number of thoughtful intakes of breath at the end of a particularly moving passage; quantity and volume of wry chuckles … No one walked out and no one punched me. I also did a couple of events in Cambridge and in London connected to the work of Batyr Berdyev and Annasoltan Kekilova, two poets from Turkmenistan whose work I am translating. These were worthwhile and maybe useful, I think.

And, death of the planet and of the UK notwithstanding, there are things to look forward to: I’m going to go to Scotland in March for a writing retreat at Hawthornden Castle. One of the reasons I haven’t written much these last few months is that I have a plan for a book-length poem in mind, and am mostly taking notes for it at the moment: hopefully these will all come together when I have a few weeks of dedicated writing time to get my head straight.

The perennial New Year’s resolution. As I said above, I will try to put more of what I do on this platform: not so much because I think anyone out there will necessarily be interested, but it will be a good exercise for me to write in a format that encourages posts of longer than (say) 280 characters.

Anyhow, books. I have read 180 books this year, at a total cost of £865. More books and more money than last year: this is partly the effect of being back in an English-speaking environment (the first six months of 2017 were spent in Spain), where books are easier to come by—e.g. the bookstalls on the Cambridge market are still reliably surprising—and partly the effect of having more money. It’s still too much to spend on pleasure, really, and I should curb it a bit more, but I don’t drive a car and I don’t collect expensive electronic gadgets, so it’s not like I’m bleeding money in other parts of my life. (This last sentence is pure self-justification.) My five favourite books of 2018 are:

People who eat darkness
Richard Lloyd Parry, People Who Eat Darkness: Love, Grief and A Journey into Japan’s Shadows. On the basis of an amazing, hair-raising article, ‘Ghosts of the Tsunami‘, in the London Review of Books in early 2014, I had been keen to read Lloyd Parry’s book of the same title about the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and its aftereffects. I was given it for Christmas 2017, and read it in a rush (it’s a very, very good book), and then went out to find everything else that I could by Lloyd Parry. This was even better than Ghosts of the Tsunami: it starts off as being about the disappearance and murder of Lucie Blackman in Japan in 2000, and then transforms into a discussion of the organisation of a whole society and its laws, with the amoral and seemingly untouchable figure of the murderer and rapist Joji Obara at the centre of the story. It’s not a prurient book, but one that displays very clearly how things that we sometimes think of as being fixed (in particular basic ideas of morality) are endlessly flexible and always shifting. It scared the willies out of me.

Flaubert Letters
Gustave Flaubert, Selected Letters, translated by Geoffrey Wall. I had a copy of this book when I was about sixteen, and pretentious, and I never read it and then I sold it. I ordered it up on a whim in the middle of the Beast from the East, and sat in the Cambridge University Library with my leg pressed against a radiator pipe and my shoulder against a cold glass window and read it and baked and froze and looked out at the snow and felt extremely glad that I hadn’t read it before. I really know very little about Flaubert: he’s the sort of writer that when I was sixteen I would try to read and pretend to have read, but never really get anywhere with. (I’d list the books of his I haven’t read, but it would only embarrass all of us.) But you can open this book at random and be guaranteed that what you read will be interesting and funny and human.
I’ll do it now: the sortes Flaubertianae gives me this:
‘At the moment I am reading Madame d’Aulnoy’s children’s stories, in an old edition in which I coloured the pictures when I was six or seven years old. The dragons are pink and the trees are blue; there is one picture where everything is painted red, even the sea. I find them most entertaining, these stories. You know it is one of my cherished dreams to write a tale of chivalry. I think that such a thing is feasible, even after Ariosto, by introducing an element of terror and a poetic grandeur which it lacks. But what is there hat I do not have an ambition to write? When will my quill ever stop this voluptuous itching! Farewell, be of good cheer; I am coming to see you at the end of July; in another six weeks; until then, work well, hundreds of little kisses all over, particularly on the soul.’
Everything’s there, even in a random selection: Flaubert must have had the best eyes of any writer.

Brief anecdotal interlude: So, I read the Selected Letters and loved it, and tried to find a copy online for myself, but the only one I could find of this edition cost something weird like sixty quid, so I wrote Professor Wall a fan letter at York University and he sent me one for free. What a mensch.

store-of-the-worldsRobert Sheckley, Store of the Worlds, edited by Alex Abramovich and Jonathan Lethem. I read a couple of the stories in this book while browsing and was hooked enough to buy the whole thing. They’re wonderful, very funny, very sly science fiction stories. They remind me a lot of John Collier, which is about as much praise as I can give anything. (Speaking of Collier, go and read ‘The Touch of Nutmeg Makes It’ right now. The text is here, first story in the book, and even in that slightly grotesque online format it’ll make your hair curl.)

accursedRobert Carver, The Accursed Mountains. Mongolia and Albania are the two countries I’m a little bit obsessed by. I started Mongolian lessons this year, which is a pretty serious step to take on a whim. With Albania, at least, I’m still only on the reading and fantasising stage. This is another very funny book (apart from the Lloyd Parry, all the books I’ve liked best this year have been largely funny: geopolitics must really be getting me down): a narrative of a tour of Albania. A certain faux-naïve, clear-eyed way of describing a society that seems almost unreadably alien in some ways. Other Albania-related books I read this year—told you, little bit obsessed—are Edith Durham’s High Albania (now she had balls) and Luljeta Lleshanaku’s Negative Space, which is probably the best book of poetry I read in 2018.

lanchesterElsa Lanchester, Herself. The photo above isn’t the cover of the edition I read it in, but it’s a much more accurate one than the pinkish 1980s version I had: there’s a review of the book online with the title ‘Elsa Lanchester Was Born To Defy Heteronormativity‘, which is a slightly po-faced way of stating the case, but it’s certainly true that—like the Bride of Frankenstein imagery—the book is very much about appearing slightly other, inhabiting the gaps that people might not wish to acknowledge. That makes it sound serious, and it is serious, I suppose, but it’s also very well-written and very funny. Here, again at random: DmqGwjeWsAAvYx8She’s a very good writer: apparently she’s got some albums of songs as well. My first project for 2019 is clear.

Letter from Washington

IMG_9481This is a brief article that was recently published in PN Review. It’s about a trip I took to Washington DC in March, which is one of the reasons posting has been a little light over the past several weeks. Not the main reason, and none of the reasons really adds up to an excuse.  
“I had been warned that DC was a city on the fritz, ragged around the edges, with a berserk president hiding in the storm drains dressed in a clown suit. This was not entirely true, but it was hard to get lost: you could measure your proximity to the White House by the number of people standing in the street and smoking. There was something in the air, and under the ground as well: a throb of power, maybe, but in whose hands was unclear. Despair on the cusp of becoming anger. Abandon. The idea that something had been lost. The best placard I saw in Lafayette Square read simply ‘MAKE AMERICA AGAIN’.
I was there because of Turkmenistan. In 2002, around sixty people (the so-called ‘Novembrists’) were arrested in the Central Asian republic and accused of planning a coup against the president-for-life, Saparmurat Niyazov. One of the alleged Novembrists was Batyr Berdyev, a former foreign minister. He was arrested in December 2002, and the last reliable reports of him date back to 2005. In 2007, Niyazov’s successor (and keen heir, and former dentist), Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov, said that he thought Berdyev was still alive. Since then, nothing.
In 2003, Berdyev managed to smuggle a document out of prison. Not a manifesto, but a collection of thirty-six poems, addressed to his wife and infant son. We hope that Berdyev is still alive – he is a focus of the human rights campaign that aims to find out what has happened to the Turkmen disappeared (https://provetheyarealive.org) – but it is difficult to read the poems as anything other than a testament, a leave-taking. They are written from beyond a wall. Anyway, I co-translated the book; the book came out; I was invited to Washington to speak about it, and to engage in that kind of soft power that seems so unfashionable nowadays.
That’s all background. I tell you, I was scared of the city, and nothing helped calm me. No reassurance in the supposed reassurances as I was lined up and processed through immigration. The Dignitas slogan of the concourse transit: Welcome to Washington Dulles International Airport. We’re here to help you along your way. The advisory video on a painful loop as one hour at the border turned into two and then three: Why are you taking mommy’s fingerprints? Good question! To make sure someone isn’t pretending to be your mom, and to keep you and your family safe.Someone had lost a passenger and made regular calls for him over the intercom. Peter Surreal, Peter Surreal? Could Peter Surreal please come to the information desk? I told the man on the desk I was there for a few human rights meetings. Human rights? I’m just going to have to take both sets of fingerprints, sir.
The day was where the night should have been. Hotelled, I slept on a vast bed until three a.m., when I decided to walk to the Lincoln Memorial from where I was staying, in Alexandria, in a different state. I walked alongside the Potomac, through patches of odd creaking wildness, happy not to have thought in advance to google Are there bears in DC?. There were no bridges unvehicled humans were allowed to cross, so I kept on walking, the Washington Monument sparking red in the distance. I had to pass Arlington Cemetery before I found a permitted crossing, but I didn’t think I had time to go and sit a while with the dead.
Even before most of the city was awake, there were still rubberneckers, wedding parties, ad campaigns crowded round the steps of the Lincoln Memorial. A woman in a sari, alongside her husband-to-be, having photos snapped at the feet of the vast statue. So white and secure of itself, with the seven a.m. sun upon it. I sat with the statue behind me and looked down the mall, sitting between others, mostly couples, doing the same thing. It’s a perfect photo fucking op.
Later, we went to the State Department. As well as the organisers of the Turkmen campaign, a Kazakh journalist came as well, a representative of one of only three free newspapers in the country. A guy ahead of us in the queue to pass the scanner was allowed to bypass the beeping gate and sign his gun directly into the Weapons Log. Our contact led us through the hall of flags, and into an underground bunker. We passed the cafeteria. If you have any questions or comments, write to cafeteriacomments@state.gov. The room we went into, through three sets of security doors, still had the minutes of a previous meeting lying on the table. We looked away while they were shuffled into a cardboard folder.
Diplomacy, like dictatorship, is another one of the arts of euphemism. We were given generally positive answers to difficult questions, but no assurances – our contact could give us none. We were gently pressed for information we did not really have, that could help formulate a policy we did not know. Afterwards, the campaign organisers said that it had been a very good meeting, and described the lines I had to read between. Given the way we are being sold America at the moment, as the domain of a Falstaff with no irony or joy – an unscrupulous fat man scared of death – ambiguity was welcome, or at least refreshing.
At one of the other meetings we had during the week, I sat next to a woman who had ‘Ask Tillerson’ written in her notepad. Tillerson was euthanised four days after I got home. Behind all the monuments, power in the city seemed like something unruly. Meetings, meetings at which I was told that ‘things had got done’, seemed from the outside to be exercises in treading water, waiting for the current world to end. That night, when I got back to the hotel, I saw two white-stick blind men holding hands with a prostitute, which sounds like the punchline to a joke, but isn’t.”

Good News, Everyone!


I found out before Christmas that my collection of Mayakovsky versions, ‘Vladimir Mayakovsky’ And Other Poems, was longlisted for the 2018 Read Russia Prize, given to promote translations of Russian books. I then found out yesterday that it was not shortlisted. (The shortlisted books all look great: I am about halfway through Yuri Machkasov’s translation of Maryam Petrosyan’s The Gray House at the moment, and it is amazing). I was sad for about five minutes, until I got an email to tell me that my second collection of poems, On Trust: A Book of Lieshas been longlisted for the 2018 International Dylan Thomas Prize. I don’t know what to think: it’s an honour to have been considered, of course, and I don’t really have any illusions about making it even to the shortlisting stage. But to dream of fame and glory and (especially) money is nice every now and then.